Jennifer Clarke, Asteris Huliaras and Dimitris A. Sotiropoulos, eds, Austerity and the Third Sector in Greece: Civil Society at the European Frontline, London: Ashgate, September 2015. Organised civil society in Greece is generally regarded as weak with rankings for associational density, volunteerism and levels of social capital traditionally among the lowest in Europe. Austerity and The Third Sector in Greece explores the context behind the statistics and general perceptions of a society of takers, not givers. Stereotypes of a country living beyond its means have been exacerbated by the Eurozone crisis but, since 2008, there has in fact been a great proliferation of organised civil society initiatives in the country. Has the financial crisis seen a belated awakening of Greek civil society? Offering a broad overview of contemporary civil society in Greece this book explores how various characteristics of the country’s socio-political context have affected the development of the third sector and examines the effect of the economic crisis on it. Expert contributors combine macro-level analyses with local case studies to form a fascinating new study on the influences of national and regional context on civil society development. Their findings provide not only for a better understanding of similar movements, but also contribute to wider academic debates on societal responses to economic crises.

Επιθεώρηση Κοινωνικών Ερευνών, Τεύχος 143, 2014.Αποτέλεσμα εικόνας για επιθεώρηση κοινωνικών ερευνών Αλέξανδρος Αφουξενίδης, ΄Χαρτογραφώντας την κοινωνία πολιτών στην Ελλάδα σήμερα‘, σελ. 33-54. Σωτήρης Πετρόπουλος, ‘Η αξιολόγηση των ΜΚΟ ως εργαλείο για τη χρηματοδότηση και τη λογοδοσία τους’, σελ. 55-84. Χαράλαμπος Τσαρδανίδης, ‘Εταιρική κοινωνική ευθύνη, ελληνικές επιχειρήσεις και ΜΚΟ΄, σελ. 85-120. Νικόλαος Τζιφάκης, ‘Τα διεθνικά δίκτυα πολιτικής και οι διεθνείς ΜΚΟ ως φορείς προαγωγής της ανθρώπινης ασφάλειας’, σελ. 121-143.

 ‘Αφιέρωμα: Η Ελληνική Κοινωνία Πολιτών και η Κρίση’, Ελληνική Επιθεώρηση Πολιτικής Επιστήμης, Τεύχος 42, Ιούλιος 2014. ‘Εισαγωγή’, Αστέρης Χουλιάρας, ‘Το διπρόσωπο κεφάλι του Ιανού: η κοινωνία πολιτών στην Ελλάδα πριν και μετά την έναρξη της οικονομικής κρίσης’, Δημητρης Σωτηρόπουλος, ‘Κράτος και εθελοντικές οργανώσεις την περίοδο της οικονομικής κρίσης’, Μαριλένα Σημίτη, ‘Οι “άγνωστες” οργανώσεις της κοινωνίας των πολιτών: κοινότητες και οργανώσεις μεταναστών στην Ελλάδα’, Απόστολος Παπαδόπουλος και Λουκία-Μαρία Φρατσέα, ‘NGOs and the Blogs: Greek civil society’s role in a time of crisis’, Mariangela Veikou, ‘The Work of the Council of Europe on the legal regulation of NGOs: A Source of Inspiration for the Greek Legislator’, Konstantinos D. Magliveras, ‘Book review essay’, Jennifer Clarke.

‘Special Issue: Greek Civil Society and the Economic Crisis’, Greek Political Science Review, Vol. 42, July 2014. 

Nikolaos Tzifakis, Sotiris Petropoulos and Asteris Huliaras, ‘The Impact of Economic Crises on NGOs: The Case of Greece‘, Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Sector [Springer], Vol. 28 (5), 2017, pp. 2176-2199. The paper analyzes the impact of economic crises on organized civil society. A number of empirical studies have shown that a financial crisis can inflict a serious damage on the nonprofit sector—mainly through a sharp decline in revenues. However, the Greek case shows that a crisis can also have some positive effects on NGOs: many nonprofits introduced reforms that increased efficiency, the number of volunteers reached record levels, and there was a spectacular rise in funding by private philanthropic foundations. However, Greek NGOs continue to be dependent on external funding, unable to raise large sums from their members and the wider public. Organized Greek civil society continues to be turned upside down: dependency on EU and state funds is being replaced by dependency on private foundations.

Konstantinos D. Magliveras, ‘Freedoms of Association and Assembly and NGO Regulation in Greece and England’The International Journal for Not-for-Profit Law, Vol. 18 (1), February 2016, pp. 40-53.

Christos Frangonikolopoulos, ‘Politics, the Media and NGOs: The Greek Experience’Perspectives on European Politics and Society, Vol, 15 (4), 2014, pp. 606-19. During the last decade, Greek non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have not only increased in number, but have also raised many questions regarding their legitimacy. Their image is negative. With that in mind, the aim of this article is to examine the environment within which Greek NGOs have to operate, and in particular, the interaction between NGOs, the state and the media. In so doing, the following questions will be asked and analysed: first, what is the role and position of Greek NGOs in their interaction with the political system and the media? Are they an expression of bottom-up and citizen volunteerism or a top-down process? How does this enhance or undermine their autonomy and credibility? Second, which opportunities are available to Greek NGOs in a society where culture, combined with the unprecedented economic crisis, heavily doubts and challenges their existence and importance?

Christos A Frangonikolopoulos and Stamatis Poulakidakos. ‘Greek NGOs in the press: Trends in the presentation of Greek NGOs before and during the financial crisis’Journalism, 2016. This research is an attempt to discover diachronic trends in the presentation of Greek non-governmental organizations in two of the most influential contemporary hard-news newspapers in Greece, Kathimerini and To Vima. Drawing heavily on theories of media coverage and their relation to the non-governmental organizations, this article combines quantitative content analysis and critical discourse analysis so as to designate the crucial role of the media to the presentation of the non-governmental organizations in Greece. The research covers a wide period of 10 years (2004–2014), including several years before and during the financial crisis. Which are the main characteristics of the non-governmental organizations’ representations by the Press? Which alterations has the crisis context brought to these representations? What new forms of voluntarism has the crisis created? How does the Press ‘react’ toward the ‘insurgents’ of the non-governmental organizations field? These are some of the questions seeking answers in an under constant transformation media field.

Constantine Bourlakis, ‘Performance of Non-Governmental Organizations: A Survey’, Global Business and Economics Anthology, Vol. II, December 2013, pp. 36-47. The paper offers a survey of the literature concerned with the performance of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). I start by examining how the concept of performance and its assessment through its measurement has been captured in the non-profit management literature. In the second part, I survey the literature relevant to frameworks for assessing NGOs’ performance. In the third part, a novel framework for assessing NGOs’ net societal effect is proposed, that incorporates the short-term tangible (directly visible and measurable) and non-tangible (not directly visible and measurable) impact, alongside the long-term non-tangible (not directly visible and measurable) impact upon the local community/society.

Apostolos Papadopoulos, Christos Chalkias and Maria-Loukia Fratsea, ‘Challenges to immigrant associations and NGOs in contemporary Greece’, Migration Letters, Vol. 10 (3), September 2013, pp. 342-58. The paper explores the challenges faced today, in a context of severe economic crisis, by immigrant associations (IMAs) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Greece. The data analysed here was collected between October 2009 and February 2010 and incorporates references to all recorded migration-related social actors operating in Greece. The paper takes into account such indicators as legal form, objectives, financial capacity and geographical range of activity, concluding with a typology of civil society actors dealing with migration issues. This study aims at informing the migration policy-making and migrant integration processes. By a spatial hot-spot clustering of IMAs and NGOs, we also illustrate the concentration patterns of civil society actors in Greece.

Asteris Huliaras and Panagiotis Liargovas, eds, Designing, Implementing and Evaluating Development Programmes, Athens: Papazissis, 2013 (in Greek). With chapters by Tzanetos Antypas, Jennifer Clarke, Alexandra Emirza, Asteris Huliaras, Panagiotis Liargovas, Sotiris Petropoulos and Evgenia Vathakou. The book has been distributed, thanks to generous grant by Stavros Niarchos Foundation, to 300 NGOs all over Greece. The book is not sold. You can see the full text (in Greek) here.

Αστέρης Χουλιάρας και Παναγιώτης Λιαργκόβας, επιμ.,  Σχεδιασμός, Υλοποίηση και Αξιολόγηση Αναπτυξιακών Προγραμμάτων, Αθήνα: Παπαζήσης, 2013. Γράφουν οι Τζανέτος Αντύπας, Ευγενία Βαθάκου, Jennifer Clarke, Αλεξάνδρα Εμιρζά, Παναγιώτης Λιαργκόβας και Σωτήρης Πετρόπουλος. Με δωρεά του Ιδρύματος Σταύρος Νιάρχος, το βιβλίο διατέθηκε δωρεάν σε 300 ΜΚΟ σε ολόκληρη την Ελλάδα. Το βιβλίο δεν πωλείται ούτε διατίθεται στα βιβλιοπωλεία. Μπορείτε να δείτε το πλήρες κείμενο εδώ.

Occasional papers

George Pagoulatos and Yiota Kastritis, Theorizing and Assessing Civil Society: A Review of Approaches, Jean Monnet Paper on Political Economy No 3, 2013.

Konstantinos D. Magliveras, The Transnational Regulation of Non-Governmental Organizations,  Jean Monnet Paper on Political Economy No 7, 2014.

Dimitris Bourantonis, The External Performance of Non-Governmental Organizations: A conceptual and analytical framework, Jean Monnet Paper on Political Economy No 9, 2014.

Asteris Huliaras, The Dynamics of Civil Society in Greece: Creating civic engagement from the Top, Jean Monnet Paper on Political Economy, No 10, 2014.

Marilena Simiti, ‘Social Need’ or ‘Choice’? Greek Civil Society during the Economic Crisis,  GreeSe Paper No. 95, Hellenic Observatory, London School of Economics, 2015.

Xαράλαμπος Τσαρδανίδης, Οι σχέσεις των ελληνικών επιχειρήσεων με τις Μη Κυβερνητικές Οργανώσεις στο πλαίσιο της Εταιρικής Κοινωνικής Ευθύνης, Αθήνα: Ινστιτούτο Διεθνών Οικονομικών Σχέσεων, σελ.63 (available upon request).

Χρήστος Φραγκονικολόπουλος, Σκέψεις και προτάσεις για το ζήτημα της εικόνας και της επικοινωνίας των ελληνικών Μη Κυβερνητικών Οργανώσεων στην κοινή γνώμη και τα Μέσα Μαζικής Ενημέρωσης, Aριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης, Thales Project Policy Paper 1 (available upon request).

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